horatio1_s640x427Abortion was common in America in the middle of the nineteenth century…. [It was] estimat[ed] that at least 20 percent of pregnancies were ending in induced abortion at the time….

A Boston physician, Horatio Robinson Storer [chairman of the American Medical Association, pictured]… carried out extensive research… [and] [f]rom 1860 to 1880 nearly every state and territory passed stringent anti-abortion legislation….